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Forced labour - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Forced labour

CHENCHU TRIBES RESCUED

What’s in news?

10 labourers including three children were rescued from a construction site in Mulbagal, Kolar District.

Key data’s:

  • The rescue operation was carried out by the Kolar District Administration, Labour Department and Police assisted by the National Adivasi Solidarity Council (NASC), an NGO in Karnataka.
  • The rescued bonded labourers are Chenchu tribals. 

Bonded labour:

  • Bonded labour is defined in the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act of 1976 as a system of forced or partly forced labour in which a debtor gets an advance of cash or kind in return for his labour or service to the creditor.
  • Forced labour and debt bondage are common practice across all the economic sectors in India.
  • It is mainly found in certain industries such as brick kilns, carpet weaving, textile and garment manufacturing, embroidery, manual scavenging and agriculture.

Causes for Bonded / forced labour:

  • The social and economic marginalization of weaker sections.
  • 94% of the workforce in India are employed under informal and unregulated sectors. 
  • Chronic underpayment of minimum wages in low-skilled and semi-skilled work is also a major reason for debt bondage because due to the non-payment, the large-scale workforce has to depend on debt bondage to meet basic consumption needs, medical needs, social ritual needs etc.
  • Lack good livelihood opportunities.
  • Lack of access to credit and financial services.
  • Failure of authorities to effectively implement measures to address the issue 

Few reports on Forced labour:

  • According to a Walk Free Foundation report in 2016, there were 46 million people enslaved worldwide in 2016. There were 18.3 million people in India living in the forms of modern slavery.
  • According to the Global Slavery Index 2018, India were stand on the position of 53rd rank among 167 countries with 18 million people living in modern slavery on any given day in 2016 in India.
  • North Korea topped the list and Japan at the bottom.

Chenchu tribes:

  • The Chenchus are Adivasi, a designated Scheduled Tribe and referred to as Primitive Tribal Groups.
  • They are an aboriginal tribewhose traditional way of life has been based on hunting and gathering. 
  • Habitat: They live in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Odisha.
  • Language: Chenchu language, a member of the Dravidian language family.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/chenchus-tribes/

http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/bengaluru/2019/aug/22/chenchu-tribals-rescued-from-bondage-2022431.html

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