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Food day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Food day


What’s in news?

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) noted that people around the world were either suffering from obesity or food insecurity.

Key data’s:

  • World Food Day is being celebrated on October 16 annually since 1981.
  • Theme’19:Our actions are our future. Healthy diet for a Zero hunger world”.
  • To achieve a zero hunger world people should prefer to eat healthy diets by eating more seasonal fruits and vegetables and reducing the consumption of junk foods.
  • Zero Hunger” is one of the goals mentioned in UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals, which is to be achieved in 2030.
  • As per FAOs statistics, over 820 million people were hungry, and malnutrition affected one in every three people.
  • Many affected by obesity and food insecurity because of the various crisis of extremes.
  • Reason: Due to globalisation, urbanisation and income growth.

State of Agriculture report:

The report was published by FAO and by this report;

  • Around 14 per cent of the world’s food is lost after harvesting.
  • Around 60 per cent of the total micronutrients are lost because of wastage of fruits, vegetables, and animal-based products at various levels after harvest.
  • If proper technologies and infrastructure is developed, the loss of 60% of micronutrients can be saved.

Community refrigerators:

  • A new method suggested for India in the State of Agriculture report by FAO to reduce the amount of food waste entering landfill.
  • This strategy was being successful in the countries like UAE, Germany and France.

In Indian scenario:

  • More seasonal, indigenous crops needed to be cultivated to meet nutritional needs. The crops like millets have become a superfood and are believed to fight against food insecurity.  
  • Private industries needed to produce products with less sugar salt and fat.

FSSAI’s plan:

  • If the food packaged is high on fats, sugar or salt (HFSS), then it will be notified by large red labels.
  • By 2022, FSSAI plans to bring the trans-fat level down to two per cent. And as of now, this trans-fat level was at 3% till 2021.
  • Avoiding wastage of food, will help in tackling the food insecurity.

Indigenous crops: Indigenous crops are environmentally sustainable, improve food security, help prevent malnutrition, and increase farmer incomes.

Food Insecurity: A situation in which people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and an active and healthy life.


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