WORLD FOOD DAY
What’s in news?
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) noted that people around the world were either suffering from obesity or food insecurity.
- World Food Day is being celebrated on October 16 annually since 1981.
- Theme’19: “Our actions are our future. Healthy diet for a Zero hunger world”.
- To achieve a zero hunger world people should prefer to eat healthy diets by eating more seasonal fruits and vegetables and reducing the consumption of junk foods.
- “Zero Hunger” is one of the goals mentioned in UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals, which is to be achieved in 2030.
- As per FAOs statistics, over 820 million people were hungry, and malnutrition affected one in every three people.
- Many affected by obesity and food insecurity because of the various crisis of extremes.
- Reason: Due to globalisation, urbanisation and income growth.
State of Agriculture report:
The report was published by FAO and by this report;
- Around 14 per cent of the world’s food is lost after harvesting.
- Around 60 per cent of the total micronutrients are lost because of wastage of fruits, vegetables, and animal-based products at various levels after harvest.
- If proper technologies and infrastructure is developed, the loss of 60% of micronutrients can be saved.
- A new method suggested for India in the State of Agriculture report by FAO to reduce the amount of food waste entering landfill.
- This strategy was being successful in the countries like UAE, Germany and France.
In Indian scenario:
- More seasonal, indigenous crops needed to be cultivated to meet nutritional needs. The crops like millets have become a superfood and are believed to fight against food insecurity.
- Private industries needed to produce products with less sugar salt and fat.
- If the food packaged is high on fats, sugar or salt (HFSS), then it will be notified by large red labels.
- By 2022, FSSAI plans to bring the trans-fat level down to two per cent. And as of now, this trans-fat level was at 3% till 2021.
- Avoiding wastage of food, will help in tackling the food insecurity.
Indigenous crops: Indigenous crops are environmentally sustainable, improve food security, help prevent malnutrition, and increase farmer incomes.
Food Insecurity: A situation in which people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and an active and healthy life.
Links to note: