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flesh trade


 What’s in news?

Five more people including two women have been arrested by the Kancheepuram police for allegedly forcing a minor girl into flesh trade.

Key data’s:

  • Few days ago, a 16-year-old minor girl was hired as a maid and later forcing her into flesh trade.
  • The incident came to light when the victim came back for Easter and narrated the incident to her aunt, when the girl refused to return to work
  • Before two days, one of the main suspects Velankanni was arrested.


  • The victim was forced to drop out of school due to financial constrains when her neighbour Velankanni offered to find her a job as a maid in the city.
  • The neighbour, along with her accomplices, made the girl stay in a house in Kancheepuram and forced the girl into prostitution.
  • The victim was threatened by her neighbour, about leaking of her naked pictures, if she told her parents about her ordeal.

Flesh trade, a social issue in India:

  • According to data of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), more than 8,000 cases of human trafficking were reported in 2016. More than half the victim’s i.e.., 54 percent were trafficked for the purpose of forced labour and sexual exploitation.
  • According to the Global Slavery Index 2016 published by an Australian rights group, more than 18 million people in India are living in conditions of modern slavery.
  • Anti-human trafficking Bill aims to solve the massive problem of trafficking, and the move was long overdue in India.
  • In fact in India, there are several locations (Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, etc.,) where prostitution happens to be the only way to generate any income.
  • The Devdasis are basically young girls married off to Goddess Yellamma at a tender age and then forced into prostitution for the rest of their lives.

Laws related to prostitution:

The Immoral Traffic (Suppression) Act, 1956:

    • It is also referred to as SITA.
    • This law states that prostitutes are allowed to ply their trade in private but they cannot carry out their business in the open. As per laws, clients can be arrested if they indulge in any sexual activity in public.

The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act:

  • SITA has recently been changed to become PITA.
  • The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act was passed in 1986 and is an amendment of the SITA. As per this law prostitutes will be arrested for soliciting their services or seducing others. In the same vein, call girls are not allowed to make their phone numbers public. They can be imprisoned for a maximum of 6 months along with financial penalties if they are caught doing so.

Features of the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2018:-

  1. Multiple dimensions of trafficking included:-
  • Aggravated forms of trafficking, which includes trafficking for the purpose of forced labour, begging, trafficking by administering chemical and substance on a person for early sexual maturity. The Bill also includes trafficking for the purpose of marriage or under the pretext of marriage.
  1. Victim protection:-
  • The anti-trafficking Bill aims at maintaining the confidentiality of the victim/witness and the complainant. This helps in trans-border and inter-state rescue operations.
  • The Bill proposes to provide time-bound trial and repatriation of victims. It seeks to provide help within a period of one year.
  • Immediate protection of rescued victims and their rehabilitation. The victims are entitled to interim relief immediately within 30 days to address their physical, mental trauma and further appropriate relief within 60 days from the date of filing of chargesheet.
  1. Rehabilitation fund:-
  • A rehabilitation fund would be created for the first time. Rehabilitation would not be based on criminal proceedings initiated against the criminal.
  1. Institutional mechanisms:-
  • The Bill aims to have designated courts in each district for the speedy trial of cases.
  • The anti-trafficking Bill creates dedicated institutional mechanisms at the district, state and central levels. These will be responsible for prevention, protection, investigation and rehabilitation work related to trafficking. The National Anti-Trafficking Bureau will perform the task of international coordination.
  • The National Investigation Agency (NIA) will also perform the task of Anti-Trafficking Bureau at the national level under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  1. Punishment for promoting or facilitating trafficking of person:-
    • Which includes producing, printing, issuing or distributing unissued, tampered or fake certificates, registration or stickers as proof of compliance with Government requirements; or commits fraud for procuring or facilitating the acquisition of clearances and necessary documents from Government agencies.
    • The new law also seeks to make way for punishment of three years for a person found to be promoting or facilitating trafficking.


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