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F-16 FIGHTER JETS - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

China blasted a huge planned U.S arms shipment to self-rules Taiwan and threatened to sanctions firms involved in the sale of F-16 fighter jets.

Key data’s:

  • The US State Department approved the sale of 66 F-16 fighters to Taiwan, in a move expected to anger Beijing.
  • With this, Taiwan will get the latest version of the Lockheed Martin-built fighter, the F-16C/D Block 70, in the $8 billion deal.
  • In an official notification the US  Defence Security Cooperation Agency said the potential deal is for 66 aircraft, 75 General Electric Co engines, as well as other systems. 

F-16 Fighter Jets:

  • The F-16’s official name is “Fighting Falcon”, but “Viper” is commonly used by its pilots and crews.
  • F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by the United States Air Force (USAF). 
  • It is all-weather multirole aircraft.

Key features:

  • Frameless bubble canopy for better visibility
  • Side-mounted control stick to ease control while maneuvering
  • An ejection seat reclined 30 degrees from vertical to reduce the effect of g-forces on the pilot
  • The first use of a relaxed static stability/fly-by-wire flight control system which helps to make it an agile aircraft



Key data’s:

Bonded labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976:

  • The act was enacted by the government in order to provide a legal framework against the practice of bonded labour in India.
  • The Act is strengthened by labour legislation such as the Contract Labour Act of 1970, the Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act, and the Minimum Wages Act.
  • The Act abolished debt bondage and explicitly stated that all traditions, customs, contracts, and agreements which requires a person to provide bonded labour are null and do not have any legal or binding force.
  • It also abolished bonded labour and provides for corporate and criminal liability which prescribes up to three years of imprisonment and a 2000 rupees fine for the acts of bonded labour.
  • The act also provides for the establishment of vigilance committees across the country in order to identify and help the bonded labourers.

The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986:

The prohibits the engagement of children in all occupations and to prohibit the engagement of adolescents in hazardous occupations and processes.

Juvenile Justice Act of 2010:

The outlaw’s exploitation of juvenile or child workers such as procurement of juvenile for hazardous employments, keeping them in debt bondage, or withholding their wages.

Labour laws:

  • There are over 40 central legislation which is classified by industry or type of work and cover a wide range of work in factories, plantations and construction work.
  • These legislations deals with issues such as minimum wage, maximum working hours, health, safety and working conditions.


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