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Digital Fencing

Digital Fencing

Two pilot projects covering on Indo-Pakistan Border (10 Kms) and Indo-Bangladesh Border (61 Kms) of Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) have been completed which provides for digital fencing along the borders.

About Assam border

  • Assam shares a 263 km border with Bangladesh. Much of the border was fenced, but a 61 km stretch in Dhubri was a difficult terrain to manage.
  • The 61 km of border area in Dhubri where River Brahmaputra enters into Bangladesh consists of vast sandbars and innumerable river channels thus making border guarding in this area a challenging task especially during rainy season.

About Digital Fencing

  • This digital fence comprises of microwave communication, optical fibre cables, cameras, and an intrusion detection device.
  • This system of digital fencing is called BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically Dominated QRT Interception Technique) and was established under the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS).
  • The CIBMS project will vastly improve the capability of BSF in detecting and controlling the cross border crimes like illegal infiltration, smuggling of contraband goods, human trafficking and cross border terrorism etc.

How will CIBMS help in making our borders more secure?

  • CIBMS involves deployment of a range of state-of-the-art surveillance technologies like:
  • thermal imagers,
  • infra-red and laser-based intruder alarms,
  • aerostats for aerial surveillance,
  • unattended ground sensors that can help detect intrusion bids,
  • radars, sonar systems to secure riverine borders,
  • fibre-optic sensors and a command and control system that shall receive data from all surveillance devices in real time.
  • Implementation of CIBMS projects on Indo – Pakistan and Indo – Bangladesh border will enhance the capabilities of Border security Force (BSF).

Digital fencing of the project has been initiated in three stages. Stage-I of the project on pilot basis has been completed.  Stage-II & III will target primarily the following areas:

  • Riverine, delta and estuary areas
  • Waterlogged and swampy areas
  • Creek areas
  • Plain areas vulnerable to heavy fog
  • Thickly populated areas on the border
  • Hilly areas
  • Tropical jungle areas
  • Deserts

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