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What’s in news?                                              

  • A new study has found that expansion of protected areas in the Western Ghats has not helped the lot of Dhole, commonly known as the Asiatic wild dog, even while enabling the recovery of populations of tigers and other big carnivores.

Key data’s:

  • The dhole is a highly social animal lives in the tropical forests of South and South East Asia.
  • The habitats covers “tropical dry and moist deciduous forests; evergreen and semi-evergreen forests; temperate deciduous forests; boreal forests; dry thorn forests; grassland–scrub–forest mosaics; temperate steppe; and alpine steppe”.
  • Dholes are susceptible to rabies, canine distemper, canine parvovirus and sarcoptic.
  • It is listed as;
    • Endangered – IUCN Red data list
    • Appendix II – CITES
    • SCHEDULE II – Wildlife Protection Act,1972


  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources founded in 1948 in France.
  • Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland.
  • It is an International Organisation working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
  • This organisation is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, lobbying and education.
  • It publishes IUCN Red List which assesses the conservation status of both flora and fauna in worldwide.
  • IUCN has an observer and consultative status at the United Nations.
  • Both Governments and NGOs are its members.


  • CITES is an International agreement signed on March 3, 1973 to regulate worldwide commercial trade in wild animal and plant species. It also restricts the trade in items made from such plants and animals, such as food, clothing, medicine, and souvenirs.
  • It was signed on March 3, 1973 (Hence world wildlife day is celebrated on march 3).
  • It is administered by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • CITES is legally bindingon state parties to the convention, which are obliged to adopt their own domestic legislation to implement its goals.
  • It is classified into 3 categories based on how threatened. They are;
  • Appendix I:It lists species that are in danger of extinction. It prohibits commercial trade of these plants and animals except in extraordinary situations for scientific or educational reasons.
  • Appendix II species:They are those that are not threatened with extinction but that might suffer a serious decline in number if trade is not restricted. Their trade is regulated by permit.
  • Appendix III species:They are protected in at least one country that is a CITES member states and that has petitioned others for help in controlling international trade in that species.



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