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Defense - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Defense

CHIEF OF DEFENCE STAFF

What’s in news?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India will have a post of Chief of Defence staff (CDS) on the occasion of 73rd Independence Day speech.

Key data:

  • Chief of Defence Staff will be the head of the three services.
  • He is a four-star officer of either the Army, Navy or Air Force.
  • CDS will integrate the operations of the three forces – the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force.
  • CDS will act as the single-point advisor to the Government of India (Prime Minister) on long term defence planning and management, including manpower, equipment strategy and jointsmanship in operations.
  • Single point of contact between the armed forces and the Prime Minister
  • CDS could control the Strategic Force, Andaman and Nicobar Command, the futuristic Special Forces, Cyber and Space Commands, the National Defence University and Coast Guard and nuclear set up.
  • CDS would play in fostering inter-services jointness in terms of budgeting, equipment purchases, training, joint doctrines and planning of military operations-an imperative of modern warfare.

Why India did not have CDS until now?

  • India has feeble equivalent – chairman, chiefs of staff committee (CoSC)
  • Senior most among the three service chiefs is appointed as head of CoSC
  • CoSC is left over from the colonial era, with only minor changes carried out over the years.

Why CDS was needed?

  • To render single-point military advice to the government on matters of national security.
  • For a robust and cost-efficient national defence policy-
  • India is the only country in the world, where the Secretary of Department of Defence – has been made responsible for ‘the Defence of India.
  • Most countries with advanced militaries have such a post (Eg. Chairman joint chiefs of staff committee of US)

Recommendation for CDS:

  • The recommendation for creating the post of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) was first made after the 1999 Kargil War.
  • A high-level committee that was set up to examine the gaps in the country’s security recommended that the three services should have a Chief of Defence Staff.
  • In 2001, a group of ministers that was formed to explore necessary reforms required to improve India’s national security had also favoured creating the post of CDS.
  • In 2012, the Naresh Chandra Task Force recommended that post of a permanent chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (CoSC) should be created.
  • The recommendation did not progress over the years, reportedly because of the lack of political consensus and objections from some sections of the armed forces and the bureaucracy.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/suicide-cases-in-defence/

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/explained-what-is-chief-of-defence-staff-cds-pm-narendra-modi-independence-day-speech-1581018-2019-08-15

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/pm-narendra-modi-announces-chief-of-defence-staff-independence-day-speech-1581006-2019-08-15

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