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deep sea fishing - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
deep sea fishing

DEEP-SEA FISHING WORRY INDIA

What’s in news?

Chinese deep-sea fishing trawlers in the southern Indian Ocean has raised concerns in the government and the security establishment.

Key data’s:

  • Recently, the Coastal Security Meetings were held which comprises Director-General (DG), Shipping, the Navy and other stakeholders.
  • In this meeting they have discussed about Chinese deep-sea fishing trawlers in the southern Indian Ocean which is far from the Chinese coast.

Key findings of the meeting:

  • The ‘fisheries and aquaculture sector is recognized as the sunshine sector in Indian agriculture. It has a huge export potential and is a big source of foreign exchange earnings for the country.
  • In the last four years, on an average at least 500 Chinese trawlers were present in the region and around 32,250 incidents per year were recorded.
  • The trawlers  from China,Hong Kong and Taiwan were, not in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) but beyond that zone.
  • Occurrences are recorded with the help of the Automatic Identification System (AIS) aboard trawlers and ships recorded when they are activated. A trawler can be recorded multiple times based on its AIS signature. 
  • The AIS information comprises name, MMSI number, position, course, speed, last port visited, destination and so on. This information can be picked up through various AIS sensors including coastal AIS chains and satellite-based receivers.
  • There have been recommendations for the need to boost domestic deep-sea fishing While India has good inland fishing, the ocean fishing capacity is way below capacity.
  • The maritime movements in the region are tracked at the Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC).

National Maritime Domain Awareness initiative:

Aims: To integrate fishing, ports, customs so that the database is available to everyone. 

Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC):

  • Location: Gurugram.
  • It is a joint initiative of Indian Navy, Coast Guard and Bharat Electronics Ltd.
  • Aim: To improve coastal surveillance and to provide coastal security to avert incidents like the 26/11 terror attack on Mumbai.
  • It is the nodal centre of the National Command Control Communications and Intelligence Network (NC3I Network) and National Maritime Domain Awareness (NMDA).
  • IMAC will be the single point centre interlinking the newly formed coastal radar chain of India.

Assistance for Deep Sea Fishing:

  • It’s a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) on Blue Revolution Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries. 
  • Financial assistance to the extent of Rs. 40 lakh per vessel for purchase of deep-sea fishing vessel.

Blue revolution:

The Blue Revolution, launched by the central government, focuses on creating an enabling environment for integrated and holistic development and management of fisheries for the socio-economic development of the fishers and fish farmers.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/antarctic-krill/

https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/china-trawlers-in-arabian-sea-security-agencies-flag-concern/829871.html

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/chinese-trawlers-in-southern-indian-ocean-worry-india/article29368989.ece

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