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cyber crime - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
cyber crime

HEALTH EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUND

What’s in news?

India will contribute $2,00,000 towards implementation of the preparedness stream under the SEARHEF.

Key data’s:

  • The announcement came during the ministerial round-table on emergency preparedness on the second day of the ‘72nd Session of the World Health Organization (WHO) regional committee for South-East Asia’.
  • The members of the South-East Asia Region of WHO also signed the Delhi Declaration on Emergency Preparedness.
  • Cyclone Fani highlighted:
  • Cyclone Fani was highlighted as a case study in early preparedness and disaster management and said that accurate weather forecast, effective early warnings, preparedness for timely evacuation of nearly 1.15 million people to 6,575 cyclone shelters and other risk mitigation measures helped save many lives.

India’s action:

  • The government of India has provided timely medical supplies to 13 countries requiring humanitarian assistance spread over South East Asia, Asia Pacific and Africa worth 10 million US dollars.
  • The medical assistance will be extended to six more countries this year with medical supplies worth $5 million.

South-East Asia Health Emergency Response Fund:

  • Decision in this regard was taken at the 69th session of WHO Regional Committee Meeting held at Colombo, capital of Sri Lanka.
  • The joint funding stream will be established under the South-East Asia Regional Health Emergency Fund (SEARHEF).
  • The new funding stream will allow these countries to invest in infrastructure and human resources that will enhance preparedness.
  • It will help member countries better prepare for such events was seen by the countries as a key priority for the regional health agenda.
  • Members: 11 countries {Bangladesh, South Korea, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand and Timor-Leste}.

Background:

  • In the recent years, earthquakes, cyclones and floods have caused health emergencies in south-east Asian region.
  • It has also been threatened by a range of emerging diseases, including SARS, MERS CoV, pandemic influenza and Zika virus.
  • Insufficient physical activity is also a major contributor to rising rates of non-communicable diseases in the region, with four-fifth of adolescents not getting enough of it.

Regional Committee:

  • It is highest decision-making body of SEARHEF.
  • Composition: It comprises of the Health ministers of all member states and Senior Health Minister officials of all member states.

 

1ST NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CYBER CRIME INVESTIGATION INAUGURATED IN NEW DELHI

What’s in news?

First National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics is being held on 4-5 September 2019 at Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Headquarters in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by CBI Director Rishi Kumar Shukla.

key data’s:

  • The two-day conference covers one of the mandates of CBI which is to investigate crimes with inter-state and international ramifications
  • Conference Objective: To create a platform and bring together investigators, forensic experts, academia and lawyers to discuss challenges related to cybercrime and ways to find solutions.
  • Need: Cybercrimes pose unique challenges to law enforcement officers and such crimes are complex and require certain skills and forensic skills for detection.
  • Focus Areas: To create capacity building and to create a pool of competent investigators, judicial officers, prosecutors and digital forensic analyst who are digitally aware.
  • To create a platform for sharing good practices to learn from experiences of various State police and Law Enforcement Agencies.
  • Participants: Around 50 officers including DGPs, ADGPs, and SPs dealing with cybercrime, officials and academia are participating in Conference.

Background:

Cybercrimes poses unique challenges to law enforcement officers. Such crimes are complex and require certain skills and forensic skills for detection. Evidence is essentially volatile and digital evidence is located abroad. 

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/rajnath-inaugurates-cybercrime-detection-centre/

http://www.face2news.com/news/53954-director-cbi-inaugurates-first-national-conference-on-cyber-

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/india-pledges-200000-for-health-emergency-fund/article29326669.ece

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