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crime records - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
crime records


What’s in news?

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) celebrated its 35thInception Day, on March 12, 2020.

Key data’s:

  • On the occasion of 35th Inception Day of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Crime Multi Agency Centre and National Cybercrime Training Centre has been launched.
  • Crime Multi-Agency Centre (Cri-MAC) has been launched for sharing the information on heinous crime and other issues related to inter-state coordination.
  • National Cybercrime Training Centre (NCTC) has been launched for professional quality eLearning services on cybercrime investigation on large scale to police officers, judges, prosecutors and other stakeholders.

Initiatives/roles of NCRB:

  • Coordination and networking among the police stations and police offices across India.
  • National Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS) provides a huge database of fingerprints helping in solving crimes faster.
  • It is a network-based pan India system for recording and sharing of fingerprints of criminals in various crimes
  • Important publications including ‘Crime in India’, ‘Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India’, ‘Prison Statistics India’ and ‘Fingerprint in India’ is released by NCRB.
  • It organised CCTNS Hackathon & Cyber Challenge 2020 which helped in gathering innovative ideas for improving CCTNS.

National Crime Record Bureau:

  • NCRB was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi.
  • It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Taskforce (1985).
  • It was constituted by merging the Directorate of Coordination and Police Computer (DCPC), Inter-State Criminals Data Branch of CBI, Central Finger Print Bureau of CBI and Statistical Branch of BPR&D.
  • NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country through ‘Crime in India’ report.
  • Being published since 1953, the report serves as a crucial tool in understanding the law and order situation across the country.
  • It developed CCTNS in 2009 which interconnects approximately 15000 police stations and 6000 higher offices across the country.
  • CCTNS digitises data related to FIR registration, investigation and charge sheets in all police stations leading to the development of a national database of crimes and criminals.

Links to note:

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