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The Union Home Ministry is expected to clear India’s first policy to counter radicalization under the next BJP-led National Democratic Alliance government.
- The Union Home Ministry is expected to clear the decks for framing India’s first policy to counter radicalization which is likely to retain the focus on national security, according to people aware of the matter.
- The new Cabinet Committee on Security is likely to take up a proposal in this regard along with other issues. The proposal talks about the role assigned to central ministries in countering Islamic radicalization among youths.
- Central ministries such as those of human resources, culture and defense will be involved in taking anti-radicalization measures.
- The proposed policy has been under discussion for the past few years, but it could not be implemented owing to opposition from various quarters including state governments.
- In its election manifesto, the BJP had declared national security to be its topmost priority and announced “zero tolerance towards terrorism”.
- Over 100 youths have been arrested by NIA (National Investigation Agency) for being influenced by the Islamic State ideology.
- The blasts in Sri Lanka, for which IS claimed responsibility, are a case in point.
- Pakistan-based militant groups are luring youths in Kashmir. The government being working on countering IS ideology but there is no uniformity.
- The word “radical” refers to change in the fundamental nature of something, thus Radicalism is set of beliefs or actions of people who advocate thorough or complete political or social reform.
- Radicalisation refers to the process of an individual’s transformation from a moderate, law-abiding citizen into an active, anti-state, violent extremist.
Factors behind Radicalization:
Individual socio-psychological factors, which include grievances and emotions such as alienation and exclusion, anger and frustration and a strong sense of injustice.
- Socio-Economic Factors – Which include social exclusion, marginalization and discrimination (real or perceived), limited education or employment etc.
- Political Factors – Which include weak and non-participatory political systems lacking good governance and regard for civil society.
- Social media – Which provide connectivity, virtual participation and an echo-chamber for like-minded extremist views, accelerates the process of radicalization.
Forms of Radicalism in India:
- Politico-Religious Radicalism:It is associated with a political interpretation of religion and the defence, by violent means, of a religious identity perceived to be under attack.
Use of Religion by ISIS to spread its influence all over the world is an example.
- Right-Wing Radicalism:It is a form of radicalization associated with fascism, racialism/racism, supremacism and ultranationalism.
- Left Wing Radicalism: This form of radicalization focuses primarily on anti-capitalist demands and calls for the transformation of political systems considered responsible for producing social inequalities, and that may ultimately employ violent means to further its cause.