COV CATEGORIZED AT ‘VERY HIGH’
What’s in news?
The risk of spread and impact of coronavirus as ‘very high’.
- New five states: The virus was spread to five new member states – Belarus, Lithuania, Netherlands, New Zealand and Nigeria.
- WHO has increased the assessment of the risk of spread and risk of the impact of the coronavirus from “high” to “very high” at the global level.
- New death level: Outside China, the countries accounts for about three-quarters of the new infections with Iran reporting the greatest number of deaths at 34.
Different characteristics of risk as follows:
- Low Risk:“Managed according to standard response protocols, routine control programmes and regulation (e.g. monitoring through routine surveillance systems)”.
- Moderate Risk:“Roles and responsibility for the response must be specified. Specific monitoring or control measures required (e.g. enhanced surveillance, additional vaccination campaigns)”.
- High Risk:“Senior management attention needed: there may be a need to establish command and control structures; a range of additional control measures will be required some of which may have significant consequences”.
- Very High Risk:“Immediate response required even if the event is reported out of normal working hours. Immediate senior management attention needed (e.g. the command and control structure should be established within hours); the implementation of control measures with serious consequences is highly likely”.
Data to know:
- CoV are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases.
- A novel coronavirus (nCoV)is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.
- It is a zoonotic
- Transmission: From a detailed study, it has been found that,
- SARS-CoV – transmitted from civet cats to humans
- MERS-CoV – transmitted from dromedary camels to humans
- Other Corona: Several other known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
- Symptoms: The common symptoms include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties, also can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Links to note: