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coronavirus - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

The risk of spread and impact of coronavirus as ‘very high’.

Key data’s:

  • New five states: The virus was spread to five new member states – Belarus, Lithuania, Netherlands, New Zealand and Nigeria.
  • WHO has increased the assessment of the risk of spread and risk of the impact of the coronavirus from “high” to “very high” at the global level.
  • New death level: Outside China, the countries accounts for about three-quarters of the new infections with Iran reporting the greatest number of deaths at 34.

Different characteristics of risk as follows:

  1. Low Risk:“Managed according to standard response protocols, routine control programmes and regulation (e.g. monitoring through routine surveillance systems)”.
  2. Moderate Risk:“Roles and responsibility for the response must be specified. Specific monitoring or control measures required (e.g. enhanced surveillance, additional vaccination campaigns)”.
  3. High Risk:“Senior management attention needed: there may be a need to establish command and control structures; a range of additional control measures will be required some of which may have significant consequences”.
  4. Very High Risk:“Immediate response required even if the event is reported out of normal working hours. Immediate senior management attention needed (e.g. the command and control structure should be established within hours); the implementation of control measures with serious consequences is highly likely”.

Data to know:

Coronavirus (CoV):

  • CoV are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases.
  • A novel coronavirus (nCoV)is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.  
  • It is a zoonotic
  • Transmission: From a detailed study, it has been found that,
    • SARS-CoV – transmitted from civet cats to humans
    • MERS-CoV – transmitted from dromedary camels to humans
    • Other Corona: Several other known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. 
  • Symptoms: The common symptoms include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties, also can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Links to note:  

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