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Constitution day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Constitution day


What’s in news?

  • Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas in India is an officially celebrating event which is celebrated every year on 26th of November to honor and remember the father of Constitution, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar and People in India remember their history and celebrate independence and peace every year after launching the own constitution of India.

Back ground:

  • While the adoption of the Constitution took place on November 26, 1949, it came into effect on January 26, 1950. The constitution of Indian was adopted to constitute the country as an independent, communist, secular, autonomous and republic to secure the Indian citizens by the justice, equality, liberty and union.
  • Earlier, this day was commemorated as National Law Day, after a resolution by the Supreme Court Bar Association, a lawyers’ body, in 1979.
  • It was on November 19, 2015, when the government of India with the help of a gazette notification declared November 26 as the Constitution Day. 
  • BR Ambedkar, known for championing the cause of down-trodden, was the head of the committee that finalised the draft of the Indian Constitution
  • Ambedkar is the Father of Constitution of India. After the independence of India he was invited by the Congress government to serve as a first law minister of the India.

Key data’s:

  • This year it is even more special as we will be completing 70 years of the adoption of the Constitution.
  • One of the most important steps which was taken on this day was that the Constitution will be made available in Braille script so that it becomes accessible to the visually challenged people. The joint initiative was taken by the ‘Buddhist Association for the Blind’, ‘Saavi Foundation’ and Swagat Thorat, who started the first Braille newsletter ‘Sparshdhyan’. Seeing the length and size of the Indian Constitution, the Braille statute will be made available in five parts.
  • Constitution Day is observed to spread the importance of the constitution of India and how it is helpful towards the growth and the development of the country.
  • This Day helps to ignite the lamp of knowledge in the minds of our new generation so that they can understand the importance of Indian constitution, respect it and follow it religiously. It also makes us stay connected to it in the current era when people are forgetting the importance of democracy. This is a way by which we can pay tribute to the Father of Indian Constitution and spread his ideas and thoughts.
  • It is celebrated in such a way that Special parliament session is also organised on 26th November every year where members of all political parties pay tribute to Ambedkar for his valuable contribution in framing the constitution of our country.
  • It is also celebrated in many ways as the sport ministry also organizes mini marathons to commemorate the architect of our constitution. Various quiz, essay and speech competitions are held in schools with a core focus on Indian constitution and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Lectures and seminars are also organised focusing on the salient features of our constitution. Mock parliament sessions are also organised in various educational institutions where students discuss and debate on various issues.

Interesting facts about the Constitution:

  • 9 December 1946: The Constituent Assembly started its first session for the Constitution.
  • 11 sessions: Number of sessions the Constituent Assembly had to complete the Constitution.
  • 17: Number of committees formed in the Constituent Assembly.
  • 299: Number of members of the Constituent Assembly.
  • 284: Number of members who finally signed the Constitution.
  • 15: Number of women in the Constituent Assembly.
  • 165: Number of days for which the Constituent Assembly held meetings.
  • 2 years, 11 months, 17 days – The time it took to finish the Constitution.


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