PLAN FOR COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
What’s in news?
The Environment Ministry has unveiled a draft plan that will dictate how prospective infrastructure projects situated along the coast ought to be assessed before they can apply for clearance.
- The draft Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) is part of a World Bank-funded project. The document was prepared by the Society for Integrated Coastal Management, a Ministry-affiliated body.
- The document lays out guidelines out for coastal States to adopt when they approve and regulate projects in coastal zones.
- The project seeks to assist the Government of India in enhancing coastal resource efficiency and resilience, by building collective capacity (including communities and decentralised governance) for adopting and implementing integrated coastal management approaches.
- Totally, three coastal States, namely Gujarat, Odisha and West Bengal, have prepared Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plans with support from the World Bank. Such plans would be prepared for the selected coastal stretches in other States/UT.
Key features of the draft:
- Investments by States which includes mangrove afforestation/shelter beds, habitat conservation activities such as restoration of sea-grass meadows, eco-restoration of sacred groves, development of hatcheries, rearing/rescue centers for turtles and other marine animals, creation of infrastructure for tourism, restoration and recharge of water bodies, beach cleaning and development, and other small infrastructure facilities.
- Livelihood improvement projects – Demonstration of climate resilient or salinity resistant agriculture, water harvesting and recharge/storage, creation of infrastructure and facilities to support eco-tourism, community-based small-scale mariculture, seaweed cultivation, aquaponics, and value addition to other livelihood activities.
- Projects should strive to avoid or minimise impacts on cultural properties and natural habitats, compensate any loss of livelihood or assets, adopt higher work safety standards, occupational and community health and safety
- The Centre has released guidelines for the preparation of a Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP) for states on the seaboard, including Maharashtra.
- With this, the Union ministry of environment and forests and climate change has paved the way for opening up buffer zones around mangroves on private land for development and reducing the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) in Mumbai from the high tide line.
- This may sound the death knell for mangroves on private land. Mumbai has around 1,800 hectares of private land notified as covered with mangroves.
- Another 700 hectares is yet to be notified.
Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2018:
- The Union Cabinet has approved the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2018 which were last reviewed and issued in 2011.
- CRZ Notification 2018 is based on the recommendations of Shailesh Nayak committee.
- The notification was released after a series of representations received by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) from various Coastal States/UTs for a comprehensive review of the provisions of the CRZ Notification, 2011.
Links to note: