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Coal mines – Shanmugam IAS Academy
Coal mines

ALLOTMENT OF COAL MINES

What’s in news?

The process for the allotment of six coal mines has been started by the Ministry of Coal.

Key data’s:

  • The ministry had started the allotment process for 15 coal mines for various specified end-use such as in power and iron & steel sectors.
  • Out of total 15 mines, the application has been received for the 6 coal mines – which may add over 5 million tonnes (MT) coal per annum to the country’s coal output.
  • The 6 coal mines were;
    • Durgapur II Taraimar
    • Durgapur II Sariya,
    • Mandakini,
    • Utkal C,
    • Sugia Closed Mine
    • Tokisud North

Coal import:

  • Current import: India is currently importing 56 million tonnes of coal (2018-19).
  • Coal imports increased by 8% as compared to 2017-18 to 233.56 million tonnes.
  • Demand for seaborne coal imports in India has risen because of a fast-rising population and the unavailability of alternative fuels such as natural gas.
  • 42% of total imports of coal, is consumed by the power plants at the port of Mundra, in western India’s state of Gujarat.

Benefit:

The processing of these 6 mines will help India in the following ways;

  • The dependency of import of coal may reduce.
  • It will generate Rs 15,000 crores of revenue for the respective state governments.

Government steps:

Government of India has taken many steps to reduce the dependence of coal.

Coal India:

  • Coal India Limited (CIL) is an Indian state-owned coal mining and refinery companyin the world.
  • This PSU was categorized as a Maharatna company.
  • Aim: To raise its annual output to 880 million tons by 2024. This will help in reducing imports and eventually stop the country’s energy dependence on coal.
  • This will also aid in India’s plan to expand the economy to 5 trillion USD by 2024.
  • Some of the other initiatives by Coal India;
    • Adoption of mechanization in both underground and opencast mines.
    • Converting unsafe, unviable underground mines into opencast mines.
    • e-reverse auction for finalization of contracts for explosives implemented.
    • Action taken for improving competition in tenders and cost reduction

Clean Coal Technology:

  • Coal is considered as a dirtiest of all fossil fuels, produces large quantity of Green Houses Gases.
  • But still it’s being used because of its low cost and its plentiful resources.
  • In order to reduce the harsh environmental effects created from the source of coal, Clean coal technology has been introduced – methods that are currently used in the country includes pre-combustion capture, oxy-fuel combustion and post-combustion capture. 
  • Pre-combustion capture: This includes production of heat through gasification of feedstock. In this process, a mix of hydrogen and Carbon dioxide rich gas is produced and the mixture can be separated easily.
  • Oxy-fuel combustion: In this process, fossil fuel such as coal is burnt in recirculated flue gas and oxygen rather than air. This eliminates nitrogen largely.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/gk-indias-first-coal-gasification-fertilizer-plant/

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/indl-goods/svs/metals-mining/six-coal-mines-under-allotment-process-govt/articleshow/72547626.cms


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