Climate Change Performance
CLIMATE CHANGE PERFORMANCE INDEX (CCPI)
What’s in news?
India, for the first time, ranks among the top 10 countries in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI).
- India joins the top ten countries in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) for the first time.
- Ranking of countries:
- The top position was bagged by Sweden.
- India ranked 9th and last year, India was ranked 12th.
- Denmark improves ten ranks and moved to the second best-performing country in the 2019 list.
- Australia and Saudi Arabia, running their economies on the basis of coal industries, are also among the countries with high carbon emissions.
About Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI):
- The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by Germanwatch, NewClimate Institute and Climate Action Network Europe.
- Aim: To put political and social pressure on those countries that have, until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate protection, and to highlight those countries with best practice climate policies.
- Categories: The categories of the CCPI – Renewable Energy, Climate Policy, Energy Use, and GHG Emissions.
- It evaluates the climate protection performance of 60 countries, responsible for over 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions.
India’s performance in the Index:
- The report states that the current level of per capita emissions and energy use in India ranks ninth in the higher category.
- The Indian government has yet to develop a roadmap for the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies that would consequently reduce the country’s high dependence on coal.
- In short, more stringent laws and amendments should be made to achieve climate change targets.
- The 2015 accord saw nations agree to work towards limiting global temperature rises to “well below” two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
- The U.S. and Saudi Arabia are among major polluters showing “hardly any signs” of reducing their greenhouse gas production.
- While climate performance varied greatly — even within the EU, with Sweden leading the way — the report found that none of the countries surveyed were currently on a path compatible with the Paris climate goals.
- China, the world’s largest single emitter, was found to have taken “medium action” due to its high investment in renewables.
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