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Climate Change Performance - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Climate Change Performance

CLIMATE CHANGE PERFORMANCE INDEX (CCPI)

What’s in news?

India, for the first time, ranks among the top 10 countries in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI).  

Key data’s:

  • India joins the top ten countries in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) for the first time.
  • Ranking of countries:
  • The top position was bagged by Sweden.
  • India ranked 9th and last year, India was ranked 12th.
  • Denmark improves ten ranks and moved to the second best-performing country in the 2019 list.
  • Australia and Saudi Arabia, running their economies on the basis of coal industries, are also among the countries with high carbon emissions.

About Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI):

  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by Germanwatch, NewClimate Institute and Climate Action Network Europe.
  • Aim: To put political and social pressure on those countries that have, until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate protection, and to highlight those countries with best practice climate policies.
  • Categories: The categories of the CCPI – Renewable Energy, Climate Policy, Energy Use, and GHG Emissions.
  • It evaluates the climate protection performance of 60 countries, responsible for over 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions.

India’s performance in the Index:

  • The report states that the current level of per capita emissions and energy use in India ranks ninth in the higher category.
  • The Indian government has yet to develop a roadmap for the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies that would consequently reduce the country’s high dependence on coal.
  • In short, more stringent laws and amendments should be made to achieve climate change targets.

Global scenario:

  • The 2015 accord saw nations agree to work towards limiting global temperature rises to “well below” two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
  • The U.S. and Saudi Arabia are among major polluters showing “hardly any signs” of reducing their greenhouse gas production.
  • While climate performance varied greatly — even within the EU, with Sweden leading the way — the report found that none of the countries surveyed were currently on a path compatible with the Paris climate goals.
  • China, the world’s largest single emitter, was found to have taken “medium action” due to its high investment in renewables.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/climate-change-conference/

https://newclimate.org/2019/12/10/the-climate-change-performance-index-2020/

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