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Climate Change Conference - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Climate Change Conference

UN CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE

What’s in news?

  • The 25th UN Climate Change Conference will be taking place in Madrid, Spain convened from 2-13 December 2019, And some 25,000 delegates convene for the annual UN conference.

Key Data’s:

  • The Change in Climate is happening in the world and it is already 1°C warmer than it was at the onset of the industrial revolution, and it is already having a significant impact on the world, and on people’s lives. And if current trends persist, then global temperatures can be expected to rise by 3.4 to 3.9°C this century, which would bring wide-ranging and destructive climate impacts
  • It will feature the 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the United Nations Framework Convention to Combat Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 51st meetings of the UNFCCC subsidiary bodies – the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 51) and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 51).
  • The previous UN climate conference, COP24 in Katowice Poland, focused on completing work on the Paris Agreement Work Programme, a set of decisions meant to operationalize the treaty. Parties adopted a Climate Package, which includes decisions on nearly all of the issues mandated as part of the Paris Work Programme.
  • WHO has a strong involvement in the UNFCCC process.
  • WHO will also launch a new series of Climate & Health Country Profiles at COP25, as well as a Health and Climate Change Global Survey Report, tracking the progress of key health and climate change indicators.
  • The global health community, together with WHO, will also hold a Climate Change & Health Summit on the side lines of COP25, bringing together a broad range of actors in the field to discuss the global state of climate and health
  • It was mandated by the UNFCCC to resolve the outstanding issues in the Climate Package, including:
    • provisions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which would allow countries to meet, in part, domestic mitigation goals through market mechanisms such as carbon markets;
    • public registries for Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement;
    • communications of adaptation efforts under the Paris Agreement.
    • Additionally, COP25 will discuss a number of issues relevant to WHO’s work on climate change and human health.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/climate-change-and-health/

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2225171-what-is-the-uns-cop25-climate-summit-and-why-does-it-matter/

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/cop25-climate-conference-tackle-global-challenges-191201120548039.html

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