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Clean meat - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Clean meat


What’s in news?

In order to face the food-insecurity problem, a new technology was found named as “Clean meat”.

Key data’s:

  • Food occupies an important place in our lives. Our food system is facing monumental challenges.
  • With our current agricultural practices, it is almost impossible to feed about 10 billion people by 2050.
  • Very recently, the Amazon forest was set fired because of the cattle ranchers and loggers. They are responsible for 80% of the destruction of Amazon forest.
  • In India, our forest being destructed due to the overgrazing by the buffaloes and goats.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions from the meat industry are high.

Problems of the meat industry:

  • As we feed live stocks, we get 1 calorie when we feed 9 calories to them.
  • Despite efforts, 34.7% of Indian children suffer malnutrition. 
  • The meat industry is consuming one-third amount of water to produce animal products.
  • Due to this over usage, NITI Aayog estimates by around 2020, 21 major cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad are going to hit zero groundwater levels.
  • Antibiotic Resistance: Antibiotic resistance used in the live stocks, is one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development.
  • The greatest casualty of the meat industry are the animals which are crammed into farms, face extreme cruelty during their lives and are inhumanely slaughtered.  
  • As our incomes rise, meat consumption will increase and the pressure on our resources will augment. 

Animals and Climate change:

  • The Climate change (temperature) and the livestock farming are interlinked.
  • Livestock currently occupies about 45 percent of the global surface area. 
  • The livestock industry is responsible for at least 37 percent of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. But as a worse, the number is double than the UNs average (14.7%).
  • As the demand for conventional meat continues to rise, emissions from the animal farming industry will drive global temperatures even higher.
  • As of recent scientific data, livestock farming contributes for GHG Emission which ranging from 14.5-51 percent of total GHG emissions.

Cultivated Meat:

  • This is a new innovative technology.
  • Aim: To increase the production of healthy and nutritious plant-based meat.
  • Clean meat is grown in a lab from a small sample of cells taken from an animal.
  • Both plant-based meat and clean meat are free of the negative externalities that animal meat production is responsible for, such as climate change.
  • It is also healthier as it is free of antibiotics. 


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