What’s in news?
In order to face the food-insecurity problem, a new technology was found named as “Clean meat”.
- Food occupies an important place in our lives. Our food system is facing monumental challenges.
- With our current agricultural practices, it is almost impossible to feed about 10 billion people by 2050.
- Very recently, the Amazon forest was set fired because of the cattle ranchers and loggers. They are responsible for 80% of the destruction of Amazon forest.
- In India, our forest being destructed due to the overgrazing by the buffaloes and goats.
- Greenhouse gas emissions from the meat industry are high.
Problems of the meat industry:
- As we feed live stocks, we get 1 calorie when we feed 9 calories to them.
- Despite efforts, 34.7% of Indian children suffer malnutrition.
- The meat industry is consuming one-third amount of water to produce animal products.
- Due to this over usage, NITI Aayog estimates by around 2020, 21 major cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad are going to hit zero groundwater levels.
- Antibiotic Resistance: Antibiotic resistance used in the live stocks, is one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development.
- The greatest casualty of the meat industry are the animals which are crammed into farms, face extreme cruelty during their lives and are inhumanely slaughtered.
- As our incomes rise, meat consumption will increase and the pressure on our resources will augment.
Animals and Climate change:
- The Climate change (temperature) and the livestock farming are interlinked.
- Livestock currently occupies about 45 percent of the global surface area.
- The livestock industry is responsible for at least 37 percent of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. But as a worse, the number is double than the UNs average (14.7%).
- As the demand for conventional meat continues to rise, emissions from the animal farming industry will drive global temperatures even higher.
- As of recent scientific data, livestock farming contributes for GHG Emission which ranging from 14.5-51 percent of total GHG emissions.
- This is a new innovative technology.
- Aim: To increase the production of healthy and nutritious plant-based meat.
- Clean meat is grown in a lab from a small sample of cells taken from an animal.
- Both plant-based meat and clean meat are free of the negative externalities that animal meat production is responsible for, such as climate change.
- It is also healthier as it is free of antibiotics.
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