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Chandrima Shaha - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Chandrima Shaha

GOGABEEL

What’s in news?

Gogabeel, an ox-bow lake in Bihar’s Katihar district, has been declared as the state’s first ‘Community Reserve’.

Key data’s:

  • The water body was notified as a 57-hectare Community Reserve and a 30 hectare ‘Conservation Reserve’ on August 2019.
  • Gogabeel is formed from the flow of the rivers Mahananda and Kankhar in the north and the Ganga in the south and east.
  • It is the fifteenth Protected Area (PA) in Bihar.

What is community reserves?

  • Conservation reserves and community reserves in India are terms denoting protected areas of India which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Such areas are designated as conservation areas if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities, and community areas if part of the lands are privately owned.
  • Administration of such reserves would be through local people and local agencies like the gram panchayat, as in the case of communal forests.

What is ox-bow lake?

An oxbow is a crescent-shaped lake lying alongside a winding river. The oxbow lake is created over time as erosion and deposits of soil change the river’s course.

FIRST WOMAN HEAD TO INSA

What’s in news?

Biologist Chandrima Shaha will become the first woman to head the Indian National Science Academy (INSA). 

Key data’s:

  • Chandrima Shaha has been elected as the first woman president of the reputed Indian National Science Academy (INSA) who will head INSA from 2020.
  • Shaha, who returned to India after completing her post-doctoral research in 1984, is currently Professor of Eminence at the National Institute of Immunology, an institute under the Department of Biotechnology.
  • INSA was established in January 1935 with the object of promoting science in India and harnessing scientific knowledge for the cause of humanity and national welfare.

Indian National Science Academy (INSA):

  • The INSA, formerly known as National Institute of Sciences of India (NISI) was established in January 1935with the object of promoting science in India and harnessing scientific knowledge for the cause of humanity and national welfare.
  • In October 1945, the then Government of India recognized the institute as the premier scientific society of India, representing all branches of science.

International Science Council (ISC):

  • The International Council for Science (ICSU) and the International Social Science Council (ISSC) were merged to form the International Science Council (ISC) in 2018.
  • ISC is a non-governmental organizationwith a unique global membership that brings together 40 international scientific Unions and Associations and over 140 national and regional scientific organizations including Academies and Research Councils.
  • The vision of the Council is to advance science as a global public good.
  • Headquarters: Paris, France.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/106-coastal-and-marine-sites-identified-as-conservation-reserves/

https://thewire.in/the-sciences/chandrima-shaha-first-female-president-indian-national-science-academy

https://www.outlookindia.com/newsscroll/chandrima-shaha-elected-insas-first-woman-president/1595480

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