WORLD CANCER DAY
What’s in news?
World Cancer Day is being observed on February 4, annually.
- Theme: The theme fixed for the day is “I am and I will” – this theme fixed for the period of three years i.e. 2019-2021.
- Aim: The aim in celebrating the day is to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment.
- By creating such awareness, it is intended to reduce illness and death caused by cancer.
- Organized by: The events on the day was organized by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) – to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, written in 2008.
- Background: On February 2000, World Cancer Day was written into the Charter of Paris Against Cancer. But the day is being marked globally from 2008.
- Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body.
How it begins?
- The basic units of the human body are ‘cell’, which grow and divide to make new cells as the body needs them.
- If it grows abnormally through some genetic changes, it is known as tumor.
- A tumor can be cancerous or benign.
- Cancerous tumor – The cells can grow and spread to other parts of the body.
- Benign tumor – The cells can grow but will not spread.
- How it spreads? The cancerous tumor grows and spreads to other parts of the body through the blood streams and affects the Lymph nodes.
- Body Parts: The cancer cells can travel to various distant parts through the blood stream – bones, liver, lungs, or brain.
Data to Know:
- Every year 8 million people die of cancer in low- and middle-income countries – given by WHO.
- In 2018, Cancer accounts for 6 million death – shows as a second leading cause of death globally.
- The objective of World Cancer Day is aligned with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-3.4), i.e. to reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being by 2030.
- #NoHairSelfie: A global campaign, by shaving their heads either physically or virtually, they show a symbol of courage for those undergoing cancer treatment.
Links to note: