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Cancer Day - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Cancer day

WORLD CANCER DAY

What’s in news?

World Cancer Day is being observed on February 4, annually.

Key data’s:

  • Theme: The theme fixed for the day is “I am and I will” – this theme fixed for the period of three years i.e. 2019-2021.
  • Aim: The aim in celebrating the day is to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment.
  • By creating such awareness, it is intended to reduce illness and death caused by cancer.
  • Organized by: The events on the day was organized by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) – to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, written in 2008. 
  • Background: On February 2000, World Cancer Day was written into the Charter of Paris Against Cancer. But the day is being marked globally from 2008.

About Cancer:

  • Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body.

How it begins?

  • The basic units of the human body are ‘cell’, which grow and divide to make new cells as the body needs them. 
  • If it grows abnormally through some genetic changes, it is known as tumor.
  • A tumor can be cancerous or benign.
    • Cancerous tumor – The cells can grow and spread to other parts of the body.
    • Benign tumor – The cells can grow but will not spread.
  • How it spreads? The cancerous tumor grows and spreads to other parts of the body through the blood streams and affects the Lymph nodes.
  • Body Parts: The cancer cells can travel to various distant parts through the blood stream – bones, liver, lungs, or brain.

Data to Know:

  • Every year 8 million people die of cancer in low- and middle-income countries – given by WHO.
  • In 2018, Cancer accounts for 6 million death – shows as a second leading cause of death globally.
  • The objective of World Cancer Day is aligned with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-3.4), i.e. to reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being by 2030.
  • #NoHairSelfie: A global campaign, by shaving their heads either physically or virtually, they show a symbol of courage for those undergoing cancer treatment.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/wetlands-day/

https://www.who.int/cancer/world-cancer-day/en/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Cancer_Day

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