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Bru-Reang refugees - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Bru-Reang refugees


What’s in news?

An agreement was signed to permanently settle the Bru-Reang refugees in Tripura.

Key data’s:

  • Signed between: The agreement was signed between Union Government and stakeholders from the State of Tripura, Mizoram and members of the Bru community.
  • Benefit: By settling the Bru-Reang refugees in Tripura permanently, the 22-year old Bru refugee crisis was brought to an end.

Provisions in the agreement:

Following are the provisions which was mentioned in the agreement;

  • Population: As per the agreement, 30 thousand Bru refugees will be settled in Tripura.
  • Rehabilitation: Central Government has sanctioned 600-crore rupee package for the rehabilitation of the people from this community.
    • In that 600-crore rupee package, Rs 150 lakh will be given to Tripura Government for the land acquisition and the rest of the money will be spent for the welfare of the tribe. 
    • Rs 1.5 lakh will be provided to each family of the Bru refugees to help them in constructing their own houses and that the amount will be disbursed under PM Gramin Awaas Yojana. 
  • Land Plot: Bru refugees will get a 40 x 30 feet plot
  • Financial aid: Along with the plot, they will be provided with a fixed deposit of four lakh rupees, cash assistance of five thousand rupees per month for two years and free ration.


  • Brus, a predominantly Hindu tribe also known as Reangs (in Tripura), were pushed out of their homes in Mizoram to refugee camps in Tripura in 1997 after the outbreak of ethnic violence between them and Mizo communities.
  • The Mizoram is a Christian Mizos dominates state, there the Bru’s community were ethnic and religious minority and considered as ‘outsiders’ in the state.
  • In the 1997 flare-up of large-scale violence against them, thousands of Bru homes were burnt, and a number of them were also killed and raped.
  • The horrific episode of violence forced tens of thousands of them to flee to safety in neighbouring Tripura, where many still reside in refugee camps.
  • In January 2017, an organisation called the Bru Hindu Joint Coordination Committee had written to the Union Home Ministry to safeguard the Bru Community and restore the peace among them in Mizoram state.
  • Follow the demand, an agreement was signed in 2018 for repatriation of the Bru tribals to Mizoram which did not materialize as majority of the community members refused to go back.
  • So far, only 328 families have returned and settled in Mizoram. Over 5000 families were remain in Tripura as refugees.

Links to note:


India Today

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