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Birth Anniversary - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Birth Anniversary


What’s in news?

India celebrates Sarojini Naidu’s birthday as National Women’s Day of India every year on February 13.

Key data’s:

  • Sarojini Naidu was India’s first women governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh and also famous as ‘Bharat Kokila’.
  • Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879. She actively participated in the Indian National Movement for the independence of the country.
  • She was famous for her nickname ‘Nightingale of India’ because of her poems.
  • She was awarded Kaiser-i-Hind for her work during the plague epidemic in India by the British Government in 1928.
  • She passed away due to a heart attack on March 2, 1949, while working in her office in Lucknow.
  • Apart from this, International Women’s Day is observed and celebrated on March 8 every year.

Literary works of Sarojini Naidu:

  • Golden Threshold published in 1905 was her first collection of poems
  • The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death, and the Spring
  • Feast of Youth
  • The Magic Tree

The Wizard Mask

  • Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
  • The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan
  • The Indian Weavers
  • Broken Wing

Freedom fighter:

  • She was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 because of her political and educational abilities.
  • She went to South Africa as the representative of India in 1932.
  • Naidu met Gandhiji for the first time in England in 1914 and dedicated herself to the country.
  • Sarojini Naidu had to travel to jail with Gandhiji while participating in the Indian freedom struggle for several times.
  • In 1942, Gandhiji started Quit India Movement and British Government kept Sarojini Naidu in imprisonment for 21 months.

Links to note:

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