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Birth Anniversary - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Birth Anniversary

SAROJINI NAIDU’S 141ST BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

What’s in news?

India celebrates Sarojini Naidu’s birthday as National Women’s Day of India every year on February 13.

Key data’s:

  • Sarojini Naidu was India’s first women governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh and also famous as ‘Bharat Kokila’.
  • Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879. She actively participated in the Indian National Movement for the independence of the country.
  • She was famous for her nickname ‘Nightingale of India’ because of her poems.
  • She was awarded Kaiser-i-Hind for her work during the plague epidemic in India by the British Government in 1928.
  • She passed away due to a heart attack on March 2, 1949, while working in her office in Lucknow.
  • Apart from this, International Women’s Day is observed and celebrated on March 8 every year.

Literary works of Sarojini Naidu:

  • Golden Threshold published in 1905 was her first collection of poems
  • The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death, and the Spring
  • Feast of Youth
  • The Magic Tree

The Wizard Mask

  • Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
  • The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan
  • The Indian Weavers
  • Broken Wing

Freedom fighter:

  • She was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 because of her political and educational abilities.
  • She went to South Africa as the representative of India in 1932.
  • Naidu met Gandhiji for the first time in England in 1914 and dedicated herself to the country.
  • Sarojini Naidu had to travel to jail with Gandhiji while participating in the Indian freedom struggle for several times.
  • In 1942, Gandhiji started Quit India Movement and British Government kept Sarojini Naidu in imprisonment for 21 months.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/chinas-birth-rate/

https://www.ndtv.com/people/sarojini-naidu-141st-birth-anniversary-all-about-nightingale-of-india-2179606

https://www.newsnation.in/india/news/key-facts-on-sarojini-naidu-141st-birth-anniversary-253808.html

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