Biodiversity Management Committees
BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES
What’s in news?
An expert committee has been constituted to oversee the creation of people’s biodiversity registers (PBR).
Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC):
- As per the Biological Diversity Act 2002, BMCs are created for “promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity” by local bodies across the country.
- As per the Biodiversity Act, every urban local body (ULB) in the country is mandated to prepare a such a register for areas within their jurisdiction.
- These PBRs will serve as a repository of information on plants, animals (wild and domestic) and crops (agricultural biodiversity), along with traditional knowledge of their place in local ecosystems.
- It shall consist of a chair person and not more than six persons nominated by the local body, of whom not less than one third should be women and not less than 18% should belong to the Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes.
- The Chairperson of the Biodiversity Management Committee shall be elected from amongst the members of the committee in a meeting to be chaired by the Chairperson of the local body.
- The chairperson of the local body shall have the casting votes in case of a tie.
- The main function of the BMC is to prepare People’s Biodiversity Register in consultation with the local people.
- The Register shall contain comprehensive information on availability and knowledge of local biological resources, their medicinal or any other use or any other.
Data to know:
- NGT is hearing a case on the full implementation of the Biodiversity Act, 2002.
- As of January 2020, a total of 243,499 biodiversity management committees (BMC) and 95,525 people’s biodiversity registers (PBR) were created.
- The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is set to tell the National Green Tribunal that it created the above-mentioned number of BMC and PBR.
Links to note: