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biodiversity management - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
biodiversity management

BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES

What’s in news?

An expert committee has been constituted to oversee the creation of people’s biodiversity registers (PBR).

Key data’s:

Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC):

  • As per the Biological Diversity Act 2002, BMCs are created for “promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity” by local bodies across the country.
  • As per the Biodiversity Act, every urban local body (ULB) in the country is mandated to prepare a such a register for areas within their jurisdiction.
  • These PBRs will serve as a repository of information on plants, animals (wild and domestic) and crops (agricultural biodiversity), along with traditional knowledge of their place in local ecosystems.

Composition:

  • It shall consist of a chair person and not more than six persons nominated by the local body, of whom not less than one third should be women and not less than 18% should belong to the Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes.
  • The Chairperson of the Biodiversity Management Committee shall be elected from amongst the members of the committee in a meeting to be chaired by the Chairperson of the local body.
  • The chairperson of the local body shall have the casting votes in case of a tie.

Functions:

  • The main function of the BMC is to prepare People’s Biodiversity Register in consultation with the local people.
  • The Register shall contain comprehensive information on availability and knowledge of local biological resources, their medicinal or any other use or any other.

Data to know:

  • NGT is hearing a case on the full implementation of the Biodiversity Act, 2002.
  • As of January 2020, a total of 243,499 biodiversity management committees (BMC) and 95,525 people’s biodiversity registers (PBR) were created.
  • The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is set to tell the National Green Tribunal that it created the above-mentioned number of BMC and PBR.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/biodiversity/

https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/gurugram-gets-expert-committee-to-oversee-creation-of-over-200-people-s-biodiversity-registers/story-hWB4Pl0Ym6poQ1v91awVmJ.html

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