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Biodegradable bag - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Biodegradable bag

BIODEGRADABLE BAGS

What’s in news?

Polythene grow bags used to plant saplings in nurseries will no longer be allowed in government afforestation projects.

Key data’s:

  • The Forest Advisory Committee (FAC), an apex body that decides on permitting the felling of trees in forests for industrial activities, recommended that “State governments/Union Territory administrations should ensure that the cost model prepared for Compensatory Afforestation (CA)/Penal CA shall incorporate the cost of alternative biodegradable bags in place of polythene bags.
  • CA refers to compensatory afforestation whereby industries must make good the forest loss by acquiring alternative land and paying the State forest department for planting trees.

Similar initiatives by the government:

  • The Centre, in 2016, banned plastic bags having a thickness less than 50 microns, under the revised Plastic Waste Management Rules.
  • Several States have announced bans on polythene bags as well as single-use plastics.

Source of funds:

  • The Compensatory Afforestaton Fund, under which money is collected from projects proponents for diverting forest land to be used for non-forestry activity, is a key source of funds for tree plantation.
  • An amount of ₹47,436 crore was sent out to States for carrying out compensatory afforestation activities as of August 2019.

 

ATAL KISAN – MAJDOOR

What’s in news?

Haryana government will open Atal Kisan – Majdoor canteens in all mandis and sugar mills across the state to provide affordable and cheap meals to farmers and labourers at a concessional rate of 10 rupees per plate.

Key data’s:

  • 25 such canteens will be established this year.
  • These canteens have started functioning at five Market Committees namely, Karnal, Bhiwani, Nuh, Panchkula, Fatehabad Market Committee Mandi and at Karnal Cooperative Sugar Mill.

Other facilities:

  • Haryana government will also provide free and concessional travel facility to 41 different categories of residents in the ordinary buses of Haryana Roadways.
  • The facility of free travel up to 150 km has been provided to the girl students from a place of residence to the educational institutions.
  • Under a new initiative at a cost of Rs 30 crore, the women and girls belonging to 11 lakh BPL families will be given sanitary napkins free of cost during the year 2020-2021. The initiative has been taken to promote hygiene among the BPL families and the sanitary napkins will be distributed to women and girls in the age group of 10 to 45 years.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/future-energy-summit/

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/no-polythene-bags-for-saplings-in-nurseries/article30863353.ece

https://zeenews.india.com/india/haryana-to-set-up-atal-kisan-majdoor-canteens-to-provide-cheap-meals-to-farmers-labourers-2265210.html

 

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