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Bio-fuel day- Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Bio-fuel day

WORLD BIO-FUEL DAY

What’s in news?

The government is likely to announce a scheme wherein oil marketing companies will offtake the entire supply of biodiesel from used cooking oil from all current and future plants to commemorate World Bio-fuel Day, according to people aware of the development.

Key data’s:

  • World Bio-fuel Day is observed every year on 10th of August to create awareness about the importance of non-fossil fuels as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels and highlight the various efforts made by Government in the bio-fuel sector.
  • In 2019, Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas & Steel Shri. Dharmendra Pradhan will inaugurate the World Bio-fuel day programme.
  • Chief Guest: Minister of Health & Family Welfare, Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Dr Harsh Vardhan.
  • Theme’19: Production of Bio-diesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO).
  • In India, the same cooking oil is used for repeated frying which adversely affects the health due to formation of polar compounds during frying. These polar compounds are associated with diseases such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, liver diseases among others.
  • UCO is either not discarded at all or disposed of in an environmentally hazardous manner choking drains and sewerage systems.
  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is implementing a strategy to divert UCO from the food value chain and curb current illegal usage. 
  • Biofuel programme also compliments Government of India’s initiatives for Make in India, Swachh Bharat and increasing farmers income. 

Significance of the day:

  • On this day in 1893, Sir Rudalph Diesel (inventor of the diesel engine) for the first time successfully ran mechanical engine with Peanut Oil.
  • His research experiment had predicted that vegetable oil is going to replace the fossil fuels in the next century to fuel different mechanical engines.

Impacts of using Fossil fuel:

  • Non-renewable
  • Environmental Hazards
  • Accidents can be disastrous
  • Effect on Human Health
  • Price fluctuations
  • Need Huge Amount of Reserves
  • Overdependence
  • Impact on Aquatic Life by Oil Spill

Bio-fuels:

  • Bio-energy is energy derived from bio-fuels. Bio-fuels are fuels produced directly or indirectly from organic material – biomass – including plant materials and animal waste.
  • The most widely used liquid bio-fuels for transport are ethanol and bio-diesel.
  • Ethanol is a type of alcohol that can be produced using any feed stock containing significant amounts of sugar, such as sugar cane or sugar beet, or starch, such as maize and wheat.
  • Sugar can be directly fermented to alcohol, while starch first needs to be converted to sugar.
  • The fermentation process is similar to that used to make wine or beer, and pure ethanol is obtained by distillation. The main producers are Brazil and the USA.

Benefits of using bio-fuels:

  • Reduction of import dependence
  • Cleaner environment
  • Additional income to farmers
  • Employment generation.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/?s=biofuel

https://www.thehindu.com/business/govt-may-ask-omcs-to-offtake-entire-biodiesel-supply-from-used-cooking-oil/article28968369.ece

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=192535

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