WORLD BAMBOO DAY
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September 18 is celebrated as world bamboo day. The day is observed every year by the World Bamboo Organization to generate awareness about conserving and promoting the bamboo industry.
- India is the world’s second-largest cultivator of bamboo after China with over 136 species and 23 genera spread over 13.96 million hectares.
- It is known as green gold.
- Known as poor man’s timber, bamboo is omnipresent in tribal cultures and community living.
- From artifacts to sustainable architecture, bamboo remains a favourite as it’s fast to grow, low on maintenance and has versatile potential.
Steps taken by government to promote bamboo cultivation:
- Restructured National Bamboo Mission was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs in 2018.
- It envisages promoting holistic growth of bamboo sector by adopting area-based, regionally differentiated strategy and to increase the area under bamboo cultivation and marketing.
- Under the Mission, steps have been taken to increase the availability of quality planting material by supporting the setting up of new nurseries and strengthening of existing ones.
- To address forward integration, the Mission is taking steps to strengthen marketing of bamboo products, especially those of handicraft items.
- Through an act, Government declassified bamboo as a tree on non-forest lands.
- In the Budget presented in Parliament on July this year, Government focused on reviving traditional industries such as bamboo, khadi and honey, through a cluster-based approach.
- It will be done under the Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI), which aims to organise such industries and artisans into clusters to make them competitive.
- It also aims to provide support for their long-term sustainability, sustained employment, and enhanced marketability of products.
Facts about Bamboo:
- Bamboo are evergreen perennial flowering plants.
- Bamboos include some of the fastest-growing plants in the world, due to a unique rhizome-dependent system.
- Bamboos are of notable economic and cultural significance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia, being used for building materials, as a food source, and as a versatile raw product. Bamboo has a higher specific compressive strength than wood, brick or concrete, and a specific tensile strength that rivals steel.
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