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Appointments - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore


What’s in news?

Sanjay Kothari, Secretary to the President of India, is tipped to be the next Chief Vigilance Commissioner (CVC). Former Information and Broadcasting Secretary Bimal Julka will be the Chief Information Commissioner (CIC).

Key data’s:

  • Both Kothari and Julka are retired Indian Administrative Service officers.
  • The post of CVC has been vacant since June 2019. Vigilance Commissioner Sharad Kumar has been functioning as the interim CVC.
  • A few other posts in the CIC are lying vacant and, the Commission has been working with a reduced strength of six Information Commissioners as against the sanctioned strength of 11.
  • The decision, however, was arrived at by a majority opinion as the Opposition leader objected to the process and pointed to “certain legal infirmities”.
  • The opposition leader is reported to have objected to the fact that the government had not shared the names of the short-listed candidates for the post of CIC before the meeting, as is the norm.

Central Vigilance Commission:

  • The Indian government introduced the Central Vigilance Commission in the year 1964 to address governmental corruption.
  • The Commission was set up on the recommendation of the K.Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption.
  • The Central Vigilance Commission is led by the Central Vigilance Commissioner and has two Vigilance Commissioners.
  • President of India appoints CVC members by warrant under his hand and seal
  • The President’s appointment comes after the recommendation by a three-member committee:
    • Prime Minister
    • Minister of Home Affairs (MHA)
    • Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha
  • Term of Office: Four years or if they attain 65 years of age (whichever is earlier)
  • After they retire, they are not eligible for reappointment in any central or state government agency.

Central Information Commission:

  • The Central Information Commission was constituted under the Right to Information Act and has the jurisdiction over all central public authorities.
  • The CIC is headed by the Chief Information Commissioner. He/she is assisted by ten Information Commissioners. The Chief Information Commissioner holds the office for five years.
  • The commissioners are appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of a committee comprising of: Prime Minister (Chairperson), Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha, and a Union Cabinet Minister nominated by the PM.

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