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Antibiotic awareness week - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
Antibiotic awareness week

WORLD ANTIBIOTIC AWARENESS WEEK

What’s in news?

  • World Antibiotic Awareness Week is celebrated throughout the world every year in the month of November.
  • It aims to draw attention to the effective use of antibiotics (a type of antimicrobial) in preventing and containing antimicrobial resistance.
  • The global theme for 2019 is “Antibiotics: handle with care”.

Key Data’s:

  • Antibiotics are lifesaving medications, but only if they work against the organism causing infection. Antimicrobial resistance may impact on life saving health care, such as cancer treatments or organ transplants, as antibiotics will not be effective to prevent infections that are commonly associated with these procedures. Antimicrobial resistance is already affecting the care of patients now and current trends indicate this will have an increasing impact over time.
  • World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019 was conducted on November 18-24 and it raises our consciousness every about antibiotic resistance and how the medical community is educating us about the proper use of these disease-fighting drugs.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) defines it this way: “Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant.”
  • In May, 2015, the World Health Assembly upgraded this antibiotic resistance to an international emergency. WHO described the problem as “New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases” .
  • WHO outlined five goals about global antibiotic resistance including:
    • raising awareness,
    • increasing monitoring and research,
    • reducing infections,
    • making the best use of antimicrobial medications and
    • committing to “sustainable investment.”
  • Most importantly, these goals formed an antibiotics resistance framework that nations could use to prioritize medical experts and researchers in their countries and to allocate resources. In addition to preventing antibiotic resistance in humans, national action plans were to align with global efforts in creating antimicrobial medications for better animal health as well as use in agriculture.
  • Government must introduce stringent rules as unused antibiotics continue to be dumped in the open.
  • The World Health Organisation has described antibiotic resistance as one of the greatest threats to human and animal health, as well as food and agriculture.

 

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/vigilance-awareness/

https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/blog/2019/antimicrobial-resistance–an-emerging-crisis.html

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/battling-anti-microbial-resistance/article30131559.ece

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