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Amar Jawan Jyoti - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
war memorial


What’s in news?

The first anniversary of the iconic National War Memorial is being observed on February 25, 2020.

Key data’s:

  • For the first time Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage to the soldiers at National War Memorial instead of the Amar Jawan Jyoti on Republic Day this year.

National War Memorial:

  • The National War Memorial was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who dedicated the monument to the nation on February 25, 2019.
  • The National War Memorial is a monument dedicated as a tribute to the fallen heroes/soldiers who have fallen in the line of duty during various wars and internal security challenges.
  • Names of Martyred Soldiers: National War Memorial consists of names of 25,942 soldiers martyred after Independence engraved on its walls.
  • Memorial for War Heroes: The National War Memorial is dedicated to war heroes who fell in Indo-China War in 1962, Indo-Pak Wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, Indian Peace Keeping Force operations in Sri Lanka and the Kargil Conflict in 1999.
  • Architecture of National War Memorial: Architecturally, the National War Memorial has been in the form of four concentric circles around an obelisk. The central obelisk has an ‘eternal flame’, which represents the immortal soldier (Amar Jawan). The obelisk is surrounded by four concentric circles that represent:
    • Amar Chakra: Circle of Immortality
    • Veerta Chakra: Circle of Bravery
    • Tyag Chakra: Circle of Sacrifice
    • Rakshak Chakra: Circle of Protection
  • The memorial helps in strengthening the sense of high moral values, sacrifice and national pride in the citizens.
  • Over the last one year, more than 21 lakh people including dignitaries, both domestic and foreign, have visited the memorial.

Amar Jawan Jyoti:

  • It is an Indian memorial constructed after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 to commemorate the martyred and unknown soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces who died during the war.
  • The memorial was constructed in December 1971 and inaugurated by Indira Gandhi in 1972.
  • Amar Jawan Jyoti is located under India Gate at Rajpath in New Delhi and consists of a marble pedestal on which a cenotaph is situated.

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