HABITAT GRANT TO ABUJMARH TRIBES
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Chhattisgarh govt begins process to grant FRA to Abujmarh tribals, a particularly vulnerable tribal group.
- Government to grant habitat rights to Abujh Marias, a particularly vulnerable tribal group that reside in the forest, considered a bastion of Naxalism.
- These Tribal’s are getting their dues as laid down by the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.
- Abujhmarh, where this tribe lives, is considered by the government to be one of the last remaining strongholds of Left-wing extremism.
- In the month of May, Chief Minister Baghel had informed that the PVTG group would be granted rights under the FRA.
- The District Level Committee should play a pro-active role in ensuring that all PTGs receive habitat rights in consultation with the concerned PTGs’ traditional institutions of these groups, after filing claims before the gram Sabha.
- Habitat is defined under the act as, “the area comprising the customary habitat and such other habitats in reserved forests and protected forests of primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities and other forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.”
- Abujmarh (Abujhmar) is a hilly forest area, spread over 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2) in Chhattisgarh, covering Narayanpur district, Bijapur district and Dantewada district.
- It is home to indigenous tribes of India, including Gond, Muria, Abuj Maria, and Halbaas.
- It was only in 2009 that the Government of Chhattisgarh lifted the restriction on the entry of common people in the area imposed in the early 1980s.
- In 2007 the area was proposed as a biosphere reserve by Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups:
- The PVTGs are the marginalized section of the Scheduled tribes of India.
- They are a section who are relatively isolated, educationally and socio-economically backward, living in a habitat far away from amenities.
- 75 tribal groups have been categorized by Ministry of Home Affairs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s. PVTGs reside in 18 States and UT of A&N Islands.
- The Ministry of Tribal Affairs implements the Scheme of “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” exclusively for them.
- Under the scheme, Conservation-cum-Development (CCD)/Annual Plans are to be prepared by each State/UT for their PVTGs based on their need assessment, which are then appraised and approved by the Project Appraisal Committee of the Ministry.