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2020 Year

YEAR OF THE NURSE AND MIDWIFE

What’s in news?

  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) has designated the year 2020 as the “Year of the Nurse and midwife”, in honour of the 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale.

Key Data’s:

  • Nurses and midwives play an essential role in ensuring a healthier world for everyone, everywhere. They are the backbone of our shared goals for universal health coverage, and the foundation to our efforts to extend primary health care services to all.
  • Nurses and midwives have the hands-on experience, practical skills, passion and knowledge needed to bring real change to the formal health care system. Work to reduce systemic and gender-related barriers, so nurses and midwives can lead at all levels of the health care system.
  • Nurses and midwives constitute more than 50% of the health workforce in many countries.
  • Strengthening nursing will help to achieve Sustainable Development Goals, in particular the SDG 3 – ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages, SDG 5-promoting gender equity and SDG 8– contributing to economic development.
  • The declaration will also help to endorse “The Nursing Now!” a three-year campaign (2018-2020) to improve health globally by raising the status of nursing.
  • Moreover, WHO is also leading the development of the first-ever State of the World’s Nursing report which will be launched in 2020.

About Florence Nightingale:

  • Florence Nightingale was a British nurse, statistician, and social reformer who is also considered as a foundational philosopher of modern nursing.
  • She was born in Florence, Italy, on May 12, 1820. The year 2020 marks a bicentenary year of her birth.
  • During the Crimean War, she and a team of nurses improved the unsanitary conditions at a British base hospital, greatly reducing the death count. Her writings sparked worldwide health care reform.
  • She was known for her night rounds to aid the wounded, establishing her image as the ‘Lady with the Lamp’.
  • This is a once in a generation opportunity for governments to really show nurses and midwives how much they are valued.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/22784-2/

https://www.americannursetoday.com/2020-is-officially-the-year-of-the-nurse-and-midwife/

https://www.jhpiego.org/story/2020-year-of-the-nurse-and-midwife/

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