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Forest report


What’s in news?

  • The Ministry for Environment, Forests and Climate Change has released the “India State of Forest Report (ISFR)”,

Key Data’s:

  • The total forest cover of the country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
  • ISFR is a biennial publication of Forest Survey of India (FSI), an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change.
  • The 2019 report for the first time has assessed the qualitative nature of the forest cover, including listing its biodiversity and the type of plants and trees found.
  • It also created a national forest inventory for the first time on produce from forests.
  • The ISFR assesses
    • the forest and tree cover,
    • bamboo resources,
    • carbon stock and
    • forest fires.
  • The top five states to have shown an increase in forest cover include  
    • Karnataka (1,025 sq km)
    • Andhra Pradesh (990 sq km)
    • Kerala (823 sq km)
    • J&K (371 sq km)
    • Himachal Pradesh (334 sq km).

Karnataka > Andhra Pradesh > Kerala > J&K > Himachal Pradesh.

  • There has been a decline in tree cover inside forests due to tribal populations getting “land titles” (patta) and there has been a rise in trees outside the forest area due to an increase in tree plantation and afforestation activities.
  • Maharashtra has had the highest increase in tree cover and a large part of that is due to horticulture.
  • The total carbon stock of the country was estimated at 7124 million tons, which is an increase of 42.6 million tons from the last assessment.
  • Amongst the States, Gujarat has the largest area of wetlands within RFA in the country followed by West Bengal.
  • Dependence of fuelwood on forests is the highest in the State of Maharashtra, whereas, for fodder, small timber and bamboo, dependence is highest in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Creating a massive people’s movement which aims at maintaining of environmental stability and to minimise pressure on existing forests.

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