What’s in news?
- The Ministry for Environment, Forests and Climate Change has released the “India State of Forest Report (ISFR)”,
- The total forest cover of the country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
- ISFR is a biennial publication of Forest Survey of India (FSI), an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change.
- The 2019 report for the first time has assessed the qualitative nature of the forest cover, including listing its biodiversity and the type of plants and trees found.
- It also created a national forest inventory for the first time on produce from forests.
- The ISFR assesses
- the forest and tree cover,
- bamboo resources,
- carbon stock and
- forest fires.
- The top five states to have shown an increase in forest cover include
- Karnataka (1,025 sq km)
- Andhra Pradesh (990 sq km)
- Kerala (823 sq km)
- J&K (371 sq km)
- Himachal Pradesh (334 sq km).
Karnataka > Andhra Pradesh > Kerala > J&K > Himachal Pradesh.
- There has been a decline in tree cover inside forests due to tribal populations getting “land titles” (patta) and there has been a rise in trees outside the forest area due to an increase in tree plantation and afforestation activities.
- Maharashtra has had the highest increase in tree cover and a large part of that is due to horticulture.
- The total carbon stock of the country was estimated at 7124 million tons, which is an increase of 42.6 million tons from the last assessment.
- Amongst the States, Gujarat has the largest area of wetlands within RFA in the country followed by West Bengal.
- Dependence of fuelwood on forests is the highest in the State of Maharashtra, whereas, for fodder, small timber and bamboo, dependence is highest in Madhya Pradesh.
- Creating a massive people’s movement which aims at maintaining of environmental stability and to minimise pressure on existing forests.
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