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2+2 dialogue - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
2+2 dialogue


What’s in news?

India and Japan have reaffirmed their desire to further deepen the strategic and defence cooperation raising it to a 2+2 dialogue focusing on the Indo-Pacific region.

Key data’s;

  • The Prime Ministers of Japan and India, in their vision statement in October 2018, had reiterated their commitment to working together towards a free and open Indo-Pacific.
  • The dialogue is planned for “advancing cooperation towards peace and prosperity of the Indo-Pacific region”.
  • Accord on the meeting was reached by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and his Japanese counterpart Takeshi Iwaya at the India-Japan annual defence ministerial dialogue.
  • They had an exchange of views on the current security situation in the Indo-Pacific region, including developments on the Korean Peninsula and in the South China Sea.
  • The Ministers recognised that peace and stability of the Indian and Pacific Oceans are crucial for ensuring prosperity of the Indo-Pacific region and the entire world.
  • The Ministers shared their views on exploring cooperation with countries in the Indo-Pacific region through various initiatives that would further the shared vision of peace and stability.

Maritime Exercises:

  • The second Japan-India-U.S. trilateral mine-countermeasures exercise (MINEX) was held in July 2019.
  • The Japan-India-U.S. trilateral maritime exercise ‘Malabar 2019’, would be held from late September to early October 2019.
  • The Ministers welcomed both the exercises and expressed their resolve to continue the trilateral exercise in the same framework.
  • The two countries have made steady progress in Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) based on implementing the arrangement for deeper cooperation between the two Navies, signed last year.

Military Cooperation:

  • The Armies and Air Forces of India and Japan held their first bilateral exercises, ‘Dharma Guardian’ and ‘Shinyuu Maitri’, in 2018.
  • In 2018, Japan also joined the India-US Air Force exercise ‘Cope India’ as an observer for the first time.
  • The Ministers also noted the progress on the ongoing negotiations for the Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA), which commenced after the summit meeting in October 2018.
  • Acquisition and cross-servicing agreement (ACSA), will allow the Indian military and the Japan Self Defense Force (JSDF) to use each other’s bases for logistical support.
  • It will enhance the strategic depth of bilateral security and defense cooperation.
  • The ACSA would permit the Indian Navy (IN) access to a Japanese base in Djibouti, while the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) would be permitted to use India’s military installations on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands located in the Indian Ocean, which lie near the Malacca Straits, next to other naval facilities.


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