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16 point action plan - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore
16 point action plan

16-POINT ACTION PLAN TO BOOST AGRICULTURE

What’s in news?

Union Budget 2020-21 has proposed a 16-point action plan to boost agriculture and farmers’ welfare and doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Key data’s:

  • Finance Minister, has announced 16-point measures to revive the agricultural sector, in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s target of doubling farmer income by 2022.
  • The budget is aimed at boosting the income of people and enhancing their purchasing power.

Sixteen Action Points for Agriculture, Irrigation and Rural Development:

  1. 2.83 lakh crore to be allocated for the following 16 Action Points:
  • 1.60 lakh crore for Agriculture, Irrigation & allied activities.
  • 1.23 lakh crore for Rural development & Panchayati Raj.         –
  1. Agriculture credit:
  • 15 lakh crore targets set for the year 2020-21.
  • PM-KISAN beneficiaries to be covered under the KCC scheme.
  • NABARD Re-finance Scheme to be further expanded.
  1. Comprehensive measures for 100 water-stressed districts proposed.
  2. Blue Economy:
  • 1 lakh crore fisheries’ exports to be achieved by 2024-25.
  • 200 lakh tonnes fish production targeted by 2022-23.
  • 3477 Sagar Mitras and 500 Fish Farmer Producer Organisations to involve youth in fisheries extension.
  • Growing of algae, sea-weed and cage culture to be promoted.
  • Framework for development, management and conservation of marine fishery resources.
  1. Kisan Rail to be setup by Indian Railways through PPP:
  • To build a seamless national cold supply chain for perishables (milk, meat, fish, etc.
  • Express and Freight trains to have refrigerated coaches.
  1. Krishi Udaan to be launched by the Ministry of Civil Aviation:
  • Both international and national routes to be covered.
  • North-East and tribal districts to realize Improved value of agri-products.
  1. One-Product One-District for better marketing and export in the Horticulture sector.
  2. Balanced use of all kinds of fertilizers – traditional organic and innovative fertilizers.
  3. Measures for organic, natural, and integrated farming:
  • Jaivik Kheti Portal – online national organic products market to be strengthened.
  • Zero-Budget Natural Farming (mentioned in July 2019 Budget) to be included.
    • Integrated Farming Systems in rain-fed areas to be expanded.
    • Multi-tier cropping, bee-keeping, solar pumps, solar energy production in non-cropping season to be added.
  1. PM-KUSUM to be expanded:
  • 20 lakh farmers to be provided for setting up stand-alone solar pumps.
  • Another 15 lakh farmers to be helped to solarise their grid-connected pump sets.
  • Scheme to enable farmers to set up solar power generation capacity on their fallow/barren lands and to sell it to the grid.
  1. Village Storage Scheme:
  • To be run by the SHGs to provide farmers a good holding capacity and reduce their logistics cost.
  • Women, SHGs to regain their position as Dhaanya Lakshmi.
  1. NABARD to map and geo-tag agri-warehouses, cold storages, reefer van facilities, etc.
  2. Warehousing in line with Warehouse Development and Regulatory Authority (WDRA) norms:
  • Viability Gap Funding for setting up such efficient warehouses at the block/taluk level.
  • Food Corporation of India (FCI) and Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) to undertake such warehouse building.
  1. Financing on Negotiable Warehousing Receipts (e-NWR) to be integrated with e-NAM.
  2. State governments who undertake implementation of model laws (issued by the Central government) to be encouraged.
  3. Livestock:
  • Doubling of milk processing capacity to 108 million MT from 53.5 million MT by 2025.
  • Artificial insemination to be increased to 70% from the present 30%.
  • MNREGS to be dovetailed to develop fodder farms.
  • Foot and Mouth Disease, Brucellosis in cattle and Peste Des Petits ruminants (PPR) in sheep and goat to be eliminated by 2025.

Links to note:

https://www.iasipstnpsc.in/agriculture-sector/

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1601474

http://www.newsonair.com/News?title=Budget-2020-21%3a-Personal-Income-Tax-slabs-simplified%3b-income-upto-Rs-5-lakh-exempted-from-tax&id=379627

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